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Our goal is to change beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors about sexual violence to stop the violence before it occurs.

Prevention Programs at KCSARC:

Our Philosophy on Prevention

Much of KCSARC’s prevention work aims to prevent sexual violence before violence has a chance to happen. This is called “Primary Prevention” and deals mainly with changing beliefs, values, and norms that accept violence. For example, KCSARC might deliver a seminar to a group of parents and guardians on how to recognize “grooming” techniques that perpetrators use to lure children. This type of seminar helps adults take steps to protect children and prevent such violence from occurring.

However, prevention can be equally effective with populations who have already been victimized. This is called “Secondary” or “Tertiary Prevention.”In these cases, prevention helps alleviate some of the long-term consequences of violence (such as mental health problems) that can place victims at higher risk for future assault. Prevention efforts, such as therapy, promote healing that disrupts this pattern.

Ecological Model

KCSARC utilizes the “Ecological Model,” developed by the Centers for Disease Control (Dahlberg & Krug 2002), as a framework for focusing its prevention work. This widely-utilized public health model of violence prevention recognizes the complex interplay between factors that influence sexual violence.

(photo credit: www.wcsap.org)

Examples of KCSARC’s interventions at each level include:

  • Individual-level: Counseling, therapy, and educational training sessions that focus on social and cognitive skills and behaviors.

  • Relationship-level: Family therapy and mentoring and peer programs designed to reduce conflict, foster problem solving skills, and promote healthy relationships.

  • Community-level: Interventions designed to impact the climate, systems, and policies in a given setting, such as a school, faith community, or business.

  • Societal-level: Interventions typically involve collaborations by multiple partners to change laws and policies related to sexual violence or gender inequality or to identify strategies for changing social norms that accept violence.