Get Information


Our goal is to change beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors about sexual violence to stop the violence before it occurs.

What is Prevention?

Prevention is different than education and outreach. Much of our prevention work aims to prevent sexual violence before violence has a chance to happen. This is called “Primary Prevention” and deals mainly with changing beliefs, values, and norms that accept violence. For example, KCSARC staff work with young adult peer leaders to co-faciliate ongoing prevention groups. In these groups, youth work together to address root causes of sexual violence and change the norms in their community.

However, prevention can be equally effective with populations who have already experienced sexual violence. This is called “Secondary” or “Tertiary Prevention.” In these cases, prevention helps alleviate some of the long-term consequences of violence (such as mental health problems) that can place victims at higher risk for future assault. KCSARC services such as trauma-focused therapy promote healing that disrupts this pattern.

Ecological Model

KCSARC utilizes the “Ecological Model,” developed by the Centers for Disease Control (Dahlberg & Krug 2002), as a framework for focusing our prevention work. This widely-utilized public health model of violence prevention recognizes the complex interplay between factors that influence sexual violence.

(photo credit:

Examples of KCSARC’s interventions at each level include:

  • Individual-level: Counseling, therapy, and educational training sessions that focus on social and cognitive skills and behaviors.

  • Relationship-level: Family therapy and mentoring and peer programs designed to reduce conflict, foster problem solving skills, and promote healthy relationships.

  • Community-level: Interventions designed to impact the climate, systems, and policies in a given setting, such as a school, faith community, or business.

  • Societal-level: Interventions typically involve collaborations by multiple partners to change laws and policies related to sexual violence or gender inequality or to identify strategies for changing social norms that accept violence.